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Traitement chirurgical des scolioses de 100 degrès et plus chez l'enfant et l'adolescent (à l'exclusion des scolioses neurologiques et myopathiques). A propos d'une série de 66 cas. [Surgical treatment of scoliosis of 100 degrees and greater in children and adolescents (neurological and myopathic scoliosis excluded). Apropos of a series of 66 cases]
Revue de Chirurgie Orthopédique et Réparatrice de l'Appareil Moteur
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English Abstract Journal Article
In a retrospective study the authors had compared the results obtained in two series of identical scoliosis. All were examined after a two year minimal follow-up. Group A. There were 31 children operated on between 1966 and 1972. The average initial curve measured 111 degrees, and the average follow-up was eight years. In this group there was no preoperative preparation, and a Harrington rod was accompanied by cancellous grafting. The average correction was 34 degrees. Four paraplegias were seen, three of which recovered. Group B. There were 45 children operated on between 1973 and 1980. The average initial curve was 170 degrees and the average follow-up was 4.5 years. In this group, there was pre-operative use of a Halo cast routinely. In 14 children, Harrington rodding was supplemented by anterior fusion to correct associated kyphosis. The posterior Harrington rodding was completed by tibial grafting. The average correction was 47 degrees, without any neurological complications. It was noted that after one year, pulmonary function was not impaired to a greater extent after an anterior fusion than after a purely posterior fusion. Two-thirds of the cases gained considerable cosmetic benefit.
Adolescent Adult Child Child, Preschool Female Humans Male Postoperative Complications Preoperative Care Retrospective Studies Scoliosis/physiopathology/*surgery *Spinal Fusion/methods Vital Capacity
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