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Preferential nondisjunction of specific bivalents in oocytes from Djungarian hamsters (Phodopus sungorus) following colchicine treatment
Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics
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Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
In an attempt to study the mechanisms leading to nondisjunction during meiosis I, Djungarian hamster females were treated with colchicine (3 mg/kg), which binds specifically to tubulin. The number of ovulated oocytes per female was significantly reduced following colchicine treatment (8.2 +/- 5.3, compared to 10.6 +/- 5.9 in controls receiving saline solution only). Application of colchicine rather late during oocyte maturation (ie, 5.5 h after injection of human chorionic gonadotrophin) caused a significant increase in the number of ovulated diploid (34.5%) and hyperhaploid (11.7%) oocytes, compared to the frequencies observed in the saline-treated controls (0.8% and 3.5%, respectively). Specific bivalents (viz, the large meta- and submetacentric chromosomes of groups A, B, and C) were preferentially involved in colchicine-induced nondisjunction. The same pattern of chromosomal malsegregation was previously observed in oocytes from this hamster species following hypergonadotrophic stimulation. Preferential involvement of bivalents in the process of nondisjunction, whether induced by colchicine or hypergonadotrophic stimulation, is explained by an interference with microtubular function affecting those bivalents that are the last to segregate.
Animals Centromere/drug effects/ultrastructure Colchicine/*pharmacology Cricetinae Female Karyotyping Meiosis Metaphase *Nondisjunction, Genetic Oocytes/*cytology/drug effects
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