Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
L'examen médical précédant l'entrée en apprentissage: instrument de prévention ou tracasserie administrative?
Schweizerische Rundschau für Medizin Praxis
Date de publication
English Abstract Journal Article --- Old month value: Feb 28
The new Swiss federal legislation on vocational and trade training requires that all cantons organize a system of medical screening for young people entering an apprenticeship. This paper focuses on the principles and implementation of such an examination. It outlines the most frequent health problems young people may face upon leaving school and entering apprenticeship. It underlines the difficulties of this kind of examination, since absolute contra-indications to distinct professions are very rare. Indeed, the medical examination should not be a selection procedure but much more an occasion to facilitate the transition from school to workplace. With this objective, the canton of Vaud health authority has created an examination sheet that will be supplied each year to the physicians (private pediatricians, general practitioners and internists) examining about 5000 candidates. This instrument introduces a uniform history taking procedure oriented towards occupational medicine and focuses on a few important screening items. No laboratory tests are mandatory. The process does not use a contra-indication list, which most of the time appears fallacious. It insists on the importance of an assessment of each individual situation.
Adolescent Adult Humans *Job Application Medical History Taking *Occupational Health Services *Personnel Management *Physical Examination Switzerland
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