Childcare Correlates of Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Adiposity in Preschool Children: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the SPLASHY Study.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_4CD927611F34
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Childcare Correlates of Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Adiposity in Preschool Children: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the SPLASHY Study.
Périodique
Journal of environmental and public health
Auteur(s)
Arhab A., Messerli-Bürgy N., Kakebeeke T.H., Lanzi S., Stülb K., Zysset A.E., Leeger-Aschmann C.S., Schmutz E.A., Meyer A.H., Munsch S., Kriemler S., Jenni O.G., Puder J.J.
ISSN
1687-9813 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1687-9805
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
2018
Pages
9157194
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't ; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Publication Status: epublish
Résumé
The childcare (CC) environment can influence young children's physical activity (PA), sedentary behavior (SB), and adiposity. The aim of the study was to identify a broad range of CC correlates of PA, SB, and adiposity in a large sample of preschoolers.
476 preschool children (mean age 3.9 yrs; 47% girls) participated in the Swiss Preschoolers' Health Study (SPLASHY). PA and SB were measured by accelerometry. Outcome measures included total PA (TPA), moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA), SB, body mass index (BMI), and skinfold thickness (SF). PA measures consisted of both daily PA during CC attendance days and overall daily PA (CC and non-CC days).
We identified the following CC correlates for higher TPA and/or higher MVPA or lower SB during CC attendance days: older age, sex (boys), more frequent child-initiated interactions during CC, mixing different ages within a group, and the presence of a written PA policy in the CC (all p ≤ 0.02). The CC correlates for overall TPA and/or MVPA or lower overall SB including both CC and non-CC days were the following: older age, sex (boys), more frequent child-initiated interactions during CC, mixing different ages within a group, less parental PA involvement in the CC, and having a larger surface area in CC (all p ≤ 0.046). Correlates for lower SF were sex (boys) and parental PA involvement in the CC (all p ≤ 0.02), and, for lower BMI, only increased age (p=0.001) was a correlate.
More frequent child-initiated interactions and mixing different ages in CC, the presence of a written PA policy, and a larger CC surface are correlates of PA and SB during CC attendance days and/or of overall PA. Parental involvement in CC PA projects was a correlate for reduced body fat. These novel factors are mostly modifiable and can be tackled/addressed in future interventions.
Mots-clé
Accelerometry, Adiposity, Child Care/statistics & numerical data, Child, Preschool, Cross-Sectional Studies, Exercise, Female, Humans, Male, Sedentary Behavior, Switzerland
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
18/02/2019 17:39
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:01
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