Prevalence and factors associated with difficulty and intention to quit smoking in Switzerland.

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: BIB_4C44AE8BD4C8.P001.pdf (204.47 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: de l'auteur
ID Serval
serval:BIB_4C44AE8BD4C8
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Prevalence and factors associated with difficulty and intention to quit smoking in Switzerland.
Périodique
Bmc Public Health
Auteur(s)
Marques-Vidal P., Melich-Cerveira J., Paccaud F., Waeber G., Vollenweider P., Cornuz J.
ISSN
1471-2458 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1471-2458
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2011
Volume
11
Pages
227
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: epublish
Résumé
BACKGROUND: Recent data indicate a slight decrease in the prevalence of smoking in Switzerland, but little is known regarding the intention and difficulty to quit smoking among current smokers. Hence, we aimed to quantify the difficulty and intention to quit smoking among current smokers in Switzerland.
METHODS: Cross-sectional study including 607 female and 658 male smokers. Difficulty, intention and motivation to quit smoking were assessed by questionnaire.
RESULTS: 90% of women and 85% of men reported being "very difficult" or "difficult" to quit smoking. Almost three quarters of smokers (73% of women and 71% of men) intended to quit; however, less than 20% of them were in the preparation stage and 40% were in the precontemplation stage. On multivariate analysis, difficulty to quit was lower among men (Odds ratio and 95% [confidence interval]: 0.51 [0.35-0.74]) and increased with nicotine dependence and number of previous quitting attempts (OR=3.14 [1.75-5.63] for 6+ attempts compared to none). Intention to quit decreased with increasing age (OR=0.48 [0.30-0.75] for ≥65 years compared to <45 years) and increased with nicotine dependence, the number of previous quitting attempts (OR=4.35 [2.76-6.83] for 6+ attempts compared to none) and among non-cigarette smokers (OR=0.51 [0.28-0.92]). Motivation to quit was inversely associated with nicotine dependence and positively associated with the number of previous quitting attempts and personal history of lung disease.
CONCLUSION: Over two thirds of Swiss smokers want to quit. However, only a small fraction wishes to do so in the short term. Nicotine dependence, previous attempts to quit or previous history of lung disease are independently associated with difficulty and intention to quit.
Mots-clé
Adult, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Humans, Intention, Male, Middle Aged, Motivation, Prevalence, Questionnaires, Risk Factors, Smoking/epidemiology, Smoking/psychology, Smoking Cessation/psychology, Smoking Cessation/statistics & numerical data, Switzerland/epidemiology
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
16/11/2011 11:37
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:00
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