Article: article from journal or magazin.
Visual loss after orthopedic procedures.
Journal of Arthroplasty
Publication types: Journal Article ; Review Publication Status: ppublish
Perioperative visual loss (PVL) is a very rare and unpredictable complication of surgery performed at distance from the visual pathways, mostly after spine or cardiac procedures. We report 6 consecutive patients with PVL after routine orthopedic procedures (osteosynthesis for complex fracture of the femur , total hip arthroplasty , hip prosthesis arthroplasty , bilateral simultaneous total knee arthroplasty ) and reviewed the literature on the subject. An ischemic optic neuropathy was diagnosed in all cases, and visual loss was bilateral in 5 of 6 patients. Partial visual improvement occurred in only 3 of 11 eyes. No specific therapy is available for PVL. Postoperative visual disturbances should prompt without delay an ophthalmic evaluation because emergent correction of anemia, systemic hypotension, or hypovolemia might improve visual prognosis of PVL.
Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects, Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/adverse effects, Blindness/etiology, Female, Fracture Fixation/adverse effects, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Retrospective Studies
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