Article: article from journal or magazin.
Evaluation of the prenatal diagnosis of limb reduction deficiencies. EUROSCAN Study Group.
EUROSCAN study group
(Addor M.C. included in the EUROSCAN study group )
Ultrasound scans in the mid-trimester of pregnancy are now a routine part of antenatal care in most European countries. Using data from registries of congenital anomalies a study was undertaken in Europe. The objective of the study was to evaluate prenatal detection of limb reduction deficiencies (LRD) by routine ultrasonographic examination of the fetus. All LRDs suspected prenatally and all LRDs (including chromosome anomalies) confirmed at birth were identified from 20 Congenital Malformation Registers from the following 12 European countries: Austria, Croatia, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Lithuania, Spain, Switzerland, The Netherlands, UK and Ukrainia. These registries are following the same methodology. During the study period (1996-98) there were 709,030 births, and 7,758 cases with congenital malformations including LRDs. If more than one LRD was present the case was coded as complex LRD; 250 cases of LRDs with 63 (25.2%) termination of pregnancies were identified including 138 cases with isolated LRD, 112 with associated malformations, 16 with chromosomal anomalies and 38 non chromosomal recognized syndromes. The prenatal detection rate of isolated LRD was 24.6% (34 out of 138 cases) compared with 49.1% for associated malformations (55 out of 112; p<0.01). The prenatal detection of isolated terminal transverse LRD was 22.7% (22 out of 97), 50% (3 out of 6) for proximal intercalary LRD, 8.3% (1 out of 12) for longitudinal LRD and 0 for split hand/foot; for multipli-malformed children with LRD those percentages were 46.1% (30 out of 65), 66.6% (6 out of 9), 57.1% (8 out of 14) and 0 (0 out of 2), respectively. The prenatal detection rate of LRDs varied in relation with the ultrasound screening policies from 20.0% to 64.0% in countries with at least one routine fetal scan.
Adult, Europe, Extremities, Female, Fetal Diseases, Humans, Incidence, Limb Deformities, Congenital, Mass Screening, Predictive Value of Tests, Pregnancy, Pregnancy Outcome, Registries, Sensitivity and Specificity, Ultrasonography, Prenatal
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