Patellar bone strain after total knee arthroplasty is correlated with bone mineral density and body mass index.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_4A713E42F006
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Patellar bone strain after total knee arthroplasty is correlated with bone mineral density and body mass index.
Périodique
Medical engineering & physics
Auteur(s)
Latypova A., Taghizadeh E., Becce F., Büchler P., Jolles B.M., Pioletti D.P., Terrier A.
ISSN
1873-4030 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1350-4533
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
06/2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
68
Pages
17-24
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Patella-related complications after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) remain a major clinical concern. Previous studies have suggested that increased postoperative patellar bone strain could be related to such complications, but there is limited knowledge on patellar strain after TKA. The objective of this study was to predict patellar bone strain after TKA and evaluate correlations with various preoperative data. Fourteen TKA patients with a minimum follow-up of one year were included in this study. Using preoperative CT datasets, preoperative planning, and postoperative X-rays, a method is presented to generate patient-specific finite element models after virtual TKA. Patellar kinematics and forces were predicted during a squat movement, and patellar bone strain was evaluated at 60° of knee flexion. Strain varied greatly among patients, but was strongly negatively correlated (r = -0.85, p < 0.001) with bone mineral density (BMD) and moderately positively (r  = 0.54, p  =  0.05) with body mass index (BMI). The BMI/BMD ratio explained 87% of strain, and should be further investigated as a potential risk factor for clinical complications. This study represents a preliminary step towards the identification of patients at risk of patellar complications after TKA.
Mots-clé
Arthroplasty, Finite elements, Knee, Patella, Patient-specific
Pubmed
Création de la notice
28/04/2019 16:05
Dernière modification de la notice
21/08/2019 6:34
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