Article: article from journal or magazin.
Case report (case report): feedback on an observation with a short commentary.
Cannabis et conduite automobile [Cannabis and automobile driving]
Publication types: Case Reports ; English Abstract ; Journal Article
Cannabis use has increased considerably during the last 15 years. One of the major problems dealing with cannabis use is driving under the influence of drugs. With the exception of ethyl alcohol, the majority of the epidemiological studies have shown that cannabis is the most frequently detected substance in people suspected of driving under the influence of drugs. Experimental studies are therefore needed to assess cannabis effects on driving capability. Many studies indicate that cannabis impairs psychomotor performance. This impairment becomes obvious when high doses of cannabis are taken, when ethyl alcohol or other drugs are simultaneously ingested, or when sustained attention is needed. Moreover, cannabis effects are qualitatively different from those observed after ethyl alcohol consumption. In forensic practice, cannabis impairment of driving performance must be related to cannabinoids blood concentrations. To facilitate the interpretation of cannabinoids blood levels, several models were set up recently. These models must be further improved in order to fit in with all circumstances of cannabis use.
Accidents, Traffic, Adult, Attention, Automobile Driving, Cannabinoids, Humans, Male, Marijuana Abuse, Marijuana Smoking, Psychomotor Performance, Switzerland
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