Article: article from journal or magazin.
Developmental effects of basic fibroblast growth factor and platelet-derived growth factor on glial cells in a three-dimensional cell culture system.
Journal of Neuroimmunology
In order to study peptide growth factor action in a three-dimensional cellular environment, aggregating cell cultures prepared from 15-day fetal rat telencephalon were grown in a chemically defined medium and treated during an early developmental stage with either bovine fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) or platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF homodimers AA and BB). A single dose (5-50 ng/ml) of either growth factor given to the cultures on day 3 greatly enhanced the developmental increase of the two glia-specific enzyme activities, 2',3'-cyclic nucleotide 3'-phosphohydrolase (CNP) and glutamine synthetase (GS), whereas it had relatively little effect on total protein and DNA content. Distinct patterns of dose-dependency were found for CNP and GS stimulation. At low concentrations of bFGF (0.5-5 ng/ml) and at all PDGF concentrations applied, the oligodendroglial marker enzyme CNP was the most affected. A relatively small but significant mitogenic effect was observed after treatment with PDGF, particularly at higher concentrations or after repetitive stimulation. The two PDGF homodimers AA and BB were similar in their biological effects and potency. The present results show that under histotypic conditions both growth factors, bFGF and PDGF, promote the maturation rather than the proliferation of immature oligodendrocytes and astrocytes.
2',3'-Cyclic Nucleotide 3'-Phosphodiesterase, 2',3'-Cyclic-Nucleotide Phosphodiesterases/metabolism, Animals, Cell Aggregation, Cell Aging, Cells, Cultured, Cytological Techniques, DNA/biosynthesis, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/pharmacology, Glutamate-Ammonia Ligase/metabolism, Neuroglia/drug effects, Neuroglia/metabolism, Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/chemistry, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/pharmacology, Rats
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