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Antibiotika zur Prophylaxe hamatogener Spatinfektionen von Gelenkprothesen. [Antibiotic prophylaxis for late blood-borne infections of joint prostheses]
Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin
By analogy with endocarditis prophylaxis, patients with joint prostheses are often given antibiotics before invasive procedures or dental treatment. However, this analogy is not justified: The pathogenesis and bacterial spectrum of infections of artificial joints differ from those of endocarditis. Since the efficacy of administering prophylactic antibiotics to patients with joint prostheses has never been scientifically proven, there is no general indication for such prophylaxis. On the other hand, infections in other parts of the body should be actively sought and treated promptly. Prophylactic antibiotic administration may be appropriate in individual cases during a procedure in patients who are at increased risk of a haematogenic prosthesis infection as a result of bacteraemia. For operations routinely performed under perioperative antibiotic cover, the same prophylaxis should also be used for patients with joint prostheses.
Antibiotic Prophylaxis/*utilization Bacteremia/*prevention & control Blood-Borne Pathogens *Dental Care for Chronically Ill Humans Joint Prosthesis/*adverse effects Prosthesis-Related Infections/etiology/*prevention & control Staphylococcal Infections/etiology/prevention & control
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