Evaluation of the antitumoral effect sunitinib eluting beads in VX2 liver tumour in a rabbit model.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_47A0BFA07413
Type
Actes de conférence (partie): contribution originale à la littérature scientifique, publiée à l'occasion de conférences scientifiques, dans un ouvrage de compte-rendu (proceedings), ou dans l'édition spéciale d'un journal reconnu (conference proceedings).
Sous-type
Abstract (résumé de présentation): article court qui reprend les éléments essentiels présentés à l'occasion d'une conférence scientifique dans un poster ou lors d'une intervention orale.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Evaluation of the antitumoral effect sunitinib eluting beads in VX2 liver tumour in a rabbit model.
Titre de la conférence
2013 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium
Auteur(s)
Bize P., Jordan O., Fuchs K., Dormond O., Duran R., Doelker E., De Baere T., Denys A.
Adresse
San Francisco, California, January 24-26, 2013
ISBN
1527-7755
ISSN-L
0732-183X
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2013
Volume
31
Série
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Pages
Abstract 247
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Background: We demonstrated that DC Bead (Biocompatibles UK, Ltd) could be loaded with sunitinib and injected intra-arterially in the rabbit without unexpected toxicity. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the antitumoral effect of sunitinib eluting beads in the VX2 tumor model of liver cancer.
Methods: VX2 tumors were implanted in the left liver lobe of New-Zealand white rabbits. Animals were assigned to 3 groups: Group 1 (n=6) received 1.5mg of sunitinib loaded in 0.05ml of 100-300um DC Bead, group 2 (n=5) received 0.05ml of 100-300um DC Bead, group 3 (n=5) received 0.05ml NaCl 0.9% in the left hepatic artery. One animal in each group was sacrificed at 24 hours and the others were followed for survival until day 15. Liver enzymes were measured daily. In group 1, plasmatic sunitinib concentration were measured daily by LC MS/MS tandem mass spectroscopy. At day 15 all living animals were sacrificed. After sacrifice, the livers were harvested for determination of the VEGF receptor tyrosine kinase activity by western blot and histopathological examination.
Results: In group 1, no animals died during follow-up. In group 2, 2 animals died during follow-up on day x. In control group 3, 3 animals died during follow up on day x. In group 1 plasmatic sunitinib levels remained under therapeutic concentration throughout the experiment. Very high concentrations of sunitinib were measured in the liver tissue 24 and 15 days after embolization. Inhibition of the phosphorylation of the RTK was demonstrated at 24h and 15 days in groups 1. Sunitinib eluting beads seemed to penetrate in the tumor more effectively and there was more necrosis around the beads than their bland counterparts.
Conclusions: Administration of sunitinib eluting beads in VX2 carrying rabbits resulted invery high drug concentrations at the site of embolization with minimal systemic passage. Despite the very high tissular sunitinib concentration we did not observe any additional toxicity with loaded beads. Sunitinib eluting beads inhibit the activation of RTK's triggered by ischemia and seem to prolong survival of the treated animals. Therefore we consider that local treatment with sunitinib may provide a promising approach for the treatment of liver cancer.
Création de la notice
31/01/2013 13:27
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 16:50
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