Feasibility of early postoperative mobilisation after colorectal surgery: A retrospective cohort study.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_47753E21B627
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Feasibility of early postoperative mobilisation after colorectal surgery: A retrospective cohort study.
Périodique
International journal of surgery
Auteur(s)
Grass F., Pache B., Martin D., Addor V., Hahnloser D., Demartines N., Hübner M.
ISSN
1743-9159 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1743-9159
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
08/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
56
Pages
161-166
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Evaluation Studies ; Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) guidelines advocate early postoperative mobilisation to counteract catabolic changes due to immobilisation and maintain muscle strength. The present study aimed to assess compliance to postoperative mobilisation according to ERAS recommendations.
This is a retrospective cohort study on consecutive colorectal surgical procedures treated within an established ERAS protocol within a single center between May 2011 and May 2017. Demographics, surgical details, ERAS related items and surgical outcome were prospectively assessed in a dedicated database and compared between ambulant patients (at least 6 h out of bed at postoperative day (POD) 1) vs. patients not meeting the target (delayed mobilisation). Risk factors for decreased postoperative mobilisation were identified through multivariable logistic regression.
1170 patients were retained. 676 patients (58%) did not mobilise as recommended by ERAS protocol at POD1. Emergency operation (Odds Ratio (OR) 0.40; 95% Confidence Interval (CI) 0.18-0.91, p = 0.028), age > 70 years (OR 0.69; 95% CI 0.47-1.00, p = 0.050) and intraoperative total fluids > 2000 mL (OR 0.59; 95% CI 0.37-0.93, p = 0.025) were independent risk factors for delayed mobilisation. Patients with delayed mobilisation had significantly more overall (Clavien grade IV) (55% vs. 29%, p=<0.001), major (Clavien grade IIIb-V) (16% vs. 7%, p=<0.001) and respiratory (12% vs. 4%, p=<0.001) complications, as well as longer length of stay (12 ± 14 vs. 6±7days, p=<0.001).
More than half of patients did not mobilise as recommended by ERAS guidelines. Emergency surgery, advanced age and fluid overload were independent risk factors for delayed mobilisation, which was associated with increased postoperative complications.
Mots-clé
Adult, Aftercare/methods, Aftercare/standards, Aged, Colon/surgery, Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects, Digestive System Surgical Procedures/rehabilitation, Early Ambulation/methods, Early Ambulation/standards, Feasibility Studies, Female, Guideline Adherence, Humans, Length of Stay, Logistic Models, Male, Middle Aged, Odds Ratio, Patient Compliance, Postoperative Complications/etiology, Postoperative Complications/prevention & control, Postoperative Period, Prospective Studies, Rectum/surgery, Retrospective Studies, Risk Factors, Treatment Outcome, Colorectal surgery, Compliance, Early ambulation, Enhanced recovery, Mobilisation
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
29/06/2018 17:33
Dernière modification de la notice
14/12/2018 7:26
Données d'usage