Upper gastrointestinal bleeding: what has changed during the last 20 years?

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_46E1909BC957
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Upper gastrointestinal bleeding: what has changed during the last 20 years?
Périodique
Gastroentérologie Clinique et Biologique
Auteur(s)
Henrion J., Schapira M., Ghilain J.M., Maisin J.M., De maeght S., Deltenre P., Moulart M., Delaunoit T.
ISSN
0399-8320 (Print)
ISSN-L
0399-8320
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2008
Volume
32
Numéro
10
Pages
839-847
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
Résumé
AIM OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical, epidemiological, therapeutic and prognostic changes observed in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) during the last two decades.
METHODS: Two cohorts of 200 patients with UGIB consecutively recruited during the period 1984-1987 (cohort A) then during the period 2004-2006 (cohort B) were compared.
RESULTS: Median age was 61.5 years in the cohort A and 67 years in the cohort B. The main etiologies remained variceal bleeding and peptic ulcer, but esophagitis and Mallory-Weiss syndrome were more frequently observed recently. The intake of gastrotoxic drugs did not decreased despite the widely acknowledged harmful effects of these drugs. Regarding management practices, a therapeutic intervention during the first endoscopy was performed in 36% of the cases in the cohort B but only in 2% of the cases 20 years ago. The frequency and the volume of blood transfusion dramatically decreased during the last two decades. Regarding the outcome, the requirement for surgery and the rate of recurrent bleeding decreased by half, but mortality remained unchanged.
CONCLUSION: The main changes observed in patients admitted for UGIB 20 years apart concerned epidemiological features, treatment and prognosis.
Mots-clé
Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Cohort Studies, Female, Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/diagnosis, Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/epidemiology, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Prognosis, Prospective Studies, Time Factors, Young Adult
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
06/12/2013 11:17
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 16:48
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