The potential of artificial aging for modelling of natural aging processes of ballpoint ink

Détails

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Etat: Serval
Version: de l'auteur
ID Serval
serval:BIB_4686D290E224
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
The potential of artificial aging for modelling of natural aging processes of ballpoint ink
Périodique
Forensic Science International
Auteur(s)
Weyermann C., Spengler B.
ISSN
0379-0738
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2008
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
180
Pages
21-31
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Artificial aging has been used to reproduce natural aging processes in an accelerated pace. Questioned documents were exposed to light or high temperature in a well-defined manner in order to simulate an increased age. This may be used to study the aging processes or to date documents by reproducing their aging curve. Ink was studied especially because it is deposited on the paper when a document, such as a contract, is produced. Once on the paper, aging processes start through degradation of dyes, solvents drying and resins polymerisation. Modelling of dye's and solvent's aging was attempted. These processes, however, follow complex pathways, influenced by many factors which can be classified as three major groups: ink composition, paper type and storage conditions. The influence of these factors is such that different aging states can be obtained for an identical point in time. Storage conditions in particular are difficult to simulate, as they are dependent on environmental conditions (e.g. intensity and dose of light, temperature, air flow, humidity) and cannot be controlled in the natural aging of questioned documents. The problem therefore lies more in the variety of different conditions a questioned document might be exposed to during its natural aging, rather than in the simulation of such conditions in the laboratory.
Nevertheless, a precise modelling of natural aging curves based on artificial aging curves is obtained when performed on the same paper and ink. A standard model for aging processes of ink on paper is therefore presented that is based on a fit of aging curves to a power law of solvent concentrations as a function of time. A mathematical transformation of artificial aging curves into modelled natural aging curves results in excellent overlap with data from real natural aging processes.
Création de la notice
05/08/2008 8:43
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 16:48
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