BMI and cardiovascular function in children and adolescents of Mauritius Island

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_45F948F09E2C
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
BMI and cardiovascular function in children and adolescents of Mauritius Island
Périodique
Journal of Nutritional Science
Auteur(s)
Miles-Chan J.L., Joonas N., Joganah S., Larhubarbe J., Schutz Y., Montani J.P., Dulloo A.G.
ISSN
2048-6790 (Print)
ISSN-L
2048-6790
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2013
Volume
2
Pages
e3
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: epublish
Résumé
Among countries which have undergone a rapid socio-economic and nutrition transition over the past few decades, the Indian Ocean island of Mauritius is among those with the greatest surge in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes and CVD. The aim of the present study was to characterise the BMI and cardiovascular functions of children and adolescents of this at-risk population. Data were collected through measurements of anthropometry, resting heart rate and blood pressure in a nationally representative sample (n 2489) of children (5-10 years) and adolescents (11-18 years), and analysed according to sex and ethnic identity: South Asian Hindus and Muslims (both of Indian ancestry), Creole (of varying degrees of African ancestry) and Chinese (of mainland China ancestry). Based on standards of the WHO or International Obesity Task Force, one in six of these young individuals exhibit a high BMI-for-age. Analysis by ethnicity revealed that Creole males and females show higher BMI-for-age but also lower heart rate (P < 0·001) even after adjustment for BMI. Additionally, Chinese males and females show higher systolic blood pressure (P < 0·01), independently of BMI. None of these ethnic differences could be related to household income, diet type (vegetarian v. non-vegetarian) or to fruit consumption. This study in children and adolescents of this multi-ethnic at-risk population for CVD reveal ethnic differences in BMI-for-age as well as consistent BMI-independent ethnic differences in heart rate and systolic blood pressure. These findings underscore the need to establish the BMI-fat % relationship across the various ethnic groups and for more detailed investigations about their differences in lifestyle and dietary habits that might explain their differential cardiovascular functions prior to adulthood.
Pubmed
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
13/07/2018 10:00
Dernière modification de la notice
08/05/2019 17:55
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