Outcomes after stroke thrombolysis according to prior antiplatelet use.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_4584DCEA1E31
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Outcomes after stroke thrombolysis according to prior antiplatelet use.
Périodique
International journal of stroke
Auteur(s)
Meseguer E., Labreuche J., Guidoux C., Lavallée P.C., Cabrejo L., Sirimarco G., Valcarcel J.G., Klein I.F., Amarenco P., Mazighi M.
ISSN
1747-4949 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1747-4930
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
02/2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
10
Numéro
2
Pages
163-169
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Meta-Analysis ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't ; Review
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Thirty percent of ischemic stroke (IS) patients suffering from acute stroke are under antiplatelet therapy.
We evaluated whether prior antiplatelet use before intravenous (IV), intra-arterial (IA) or combined IV/IA therapy may be associated with worse outcomes and an increased intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) risk after reperfusion therapies.
We analyzed data from our patient registry (n = 874) and conducted a systematic review of previous observational studies. The primary outcome was the percentage of patients who developed symptomatic ICH (sICH), defined in our registry per ECASS-II definition.
We identified 43 previous reports that evaluated the impact of prior antiplatelet use on outcomes after reperfusion therapy in AIS patients. Prior antiplatelet use was found in 35% of AIS patients, eligible for reperfusion therapies and was associated with a worse vascular profile. In an unadjusted meta-analysis that included our registry data, prior antiplatelet use was associated with more sICH per ECASS-II definition (OR, 1.78 (95% CI, 1.48-2.13), and less favorable outcome (OR, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.77-0.98). However, in multivariate analyses conducted in our registry showed that prior antiplatelet use was not associated with worse outcome (P > 0.23); and in the systematic review, only 3 studies reported a slight, but significant adjusted increase in sICH risk, of whom one had conflicting results according to sICH definition.
These results suggest no significant detrimental effect of prior antiplatelet use in AIS patients treated by IV, IA or combined IV/IA therapy. Further studies are needed to assess the specific impact of different and cumulative antiplatelet agents.

Mots-clé
Aged, Cerebral Hemorrhage/etiology, Female, Humans, Male, Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/adverse effects, Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use, Registries, Stroke/drug therapy, Thrombolytic Therapy/adverse effects, Thrombolytic Therapy/methods, Treatment Outcome, antiplatelet, aspirin, ischemic stroke, stroke, thrombolysis, tpa
Pubmed
Création de la notice
28/02/2018 14:56
Dernière modification de la notice
23/08/2018 6:26
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