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Sleep and cortical temperature in the Djungarian hamster under baseline conditions and after sleep deprivation.
Journal of comparative physiology. A, Sensory, neural, and behavioral physiology
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The Djungarian hamster (Phodopus sungorus) is a markedly photoperiodic rodent which exhibits daily torpor under short photoperiod. Normative data were obtained on vigilance states, electroencephalogram (EEG) power spectra (0.25-25.0 Hz), and cortical temperature (TCRT) under a 16:8 h light-dark schedule, in 7 Djungarian hamsters for 2 baseline days, 4 h sleep deprivation (SD) and 20 h recovery. During the baseline days total sleep time amounted to 59% of recording time, 67% in the light period and 43% in the dark period. The 4 h SD induced a small increase in the amount of non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep and a marked increase in EEG slow-wave activity (SWA; mean power density 0.75-4.0 Hz) within NREM sleep in the first hours of recovery. TCRT was lower in the light period than in the dark period. It decreased at transitions from either waking or rapid eye movement (REM) sleep to NREM sleep, and increased at the transition from NREM sleep to waking or REM sleep. After SD, TCRT was lower in all vigilance states. In conclusion, the sleep-wake pattern, EEG spectrum, and time course of TCRT in the Djungarian hamster are similar to other nocturnal rodents. Also in the Djungarian hamster the time course of SWA seems to reflect a homeostatically regulated process as was formulated in the two-process model of sleep regulation.
Animals, Arousal, Body Temperature, Cerebral Cortex, Cricetinae, Electroencephalography, Electromyography, Light, Male, Phodopus, Sleep, Sleep Deprivation, Sleep, REM
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