Article: article from journal or magazin.
High bacterial load in negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) foams used in the treatment of chronic wounds.
Wound Repair and Regeneration
Publication types: Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
No earlier study has investigated the microbiology of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) foam using a standardized manner. The purpose of this study is to investigate the bacterial load and microbiological dynamics in NPWT foam removed from chronic wounds (>3 months). To determine the bacterial load, a standardized size of the removed NPWT foam was sonicated. The resulting sonication fluid was cultured, and the colony-forming units (CFU) of each species were enumerated. Sixty-eight foams from 17 patients (mean age 63 years, 71% males) were investigated. In 65 (97%) foams, â0/00¥âeuro0/001 and in 37 (54%) â0/00¥2 bacterial types were found. The bacterial load remained high during NPWT treatment, ranging from 10(4) to 10(6) CFU/ml. In three patients (27%), additional type of bacteria was found in subsequent foam cultures. The mean bacterial countâeuro0/00Â±âeuro0/00standard deviation was higher in polyvinyl alcohol foam (6.1âeuro0/00Â±âeuro0/000.5 CFU/ml) than in polyurethane (5.5âeuro0/00Â±âeuro0/000.8 CFU/ml) (pâeuro0/00=âeuro0/000.02). The mean of log of sum of CFU/ml in foam from 125âeuro0/00mmHg (5.5âeuro0/00Â±âeuro0/000.8) was lower than in foam from 100âeuro0/00mmHg pressure (5.9âeuro0/00Â±âeuro0/000.5) (pâeuro0/00=âeuro0/000.01). Concluding, bacterial load remains high in NPWT foam, and routine changing does not reduce the load.
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