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Postischemic recovery of heart metabolism and function: role of mitochondrial fatty acid transfer.
Journal of Applied Physiology
Date de publication
Postischemic recovery of contractile function is better in hearts from fasted rats than in hearts from fed rats. In this study, we examined whether feeding-induced inhibition of palmitate oxidation at the level of carnitine palmitoyl transferase I is involved in the mechanism underlying impaired recovery of contractile function. Hearts isolated from fasted or fed rats were submitted to no-flow ischemia followed by reperfusion with buffer containing 8 mM glucose and either 0.4 mM palmitate or 0.8 mM octanoate. During reperfusion, oxidation of palmitate was higher after fasting than after feeding, whereas oxidation of octanoate was not influenced by the nutritional state. In the presence of palmitate, recovery of left ventricular developed pressure was better in hearts from fasted rats. Substitution of octanoate for palmitate during reperfusion enhanced recovery of left ventricular developed pressure in hearts from fed rats. However, the chain length of the fatty acid did not influence diastolic contracture. The results suggest that nutritional variation of mitochondrial fatty acid transfer may influence postischemic recovery of contractile function.
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Animals, Carbon Radioisotopes/diagnostic use, Carnitine O-Palmitoyltransferase/metabolism, Creatine Kinase/metabolism, Eating/physiology, Energy Metabolism/physiology, Fasting/physiology, Glucose/metabolism, Glycolysis/physiology, Male, Mitochondria/enzymology, Myocardial Contraction/physiology, Myocardial Ischemia/metabolism, Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/metabolism, Myocardium/metabolism, Octanoic Acids/pharmacology, Oxidation-Reduction, Oxygen Consumption/drug effects, Oxygen Consumption/physiology, Palmitates/metabolism, Palmitates/pharmacology, Rats, Rats, Inbred Strains, Ventricular Function, Left/physiology
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