Drug residues in used syringes in Switzerland: A comparative study.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_4445AC60A36D
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Drug residues in used syringes in Switzerland: A comparative study.
Périodique
Drug testing and analysis
Auteur(s)
Lefrançois E., Augsburger M., Esseiva P.
ISSN
1942-7611 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1942-7603
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
05/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
10
Numéro
5
Pages
874-879
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
PDF: Short Communication
Résumé
Harm reduction services, including needle-exchange programmes, have been implemented in Switzerland for over 20 years. Their main aim is to lessen the negative social and/or physical consequences associated with illicit drug consumption and, therefore, improve prevention messages. To this end, knowledge of illicit drug consumption practices is necessary. Periodic self-report surveys are the primary source of data for monitoring drug users' behaviour. Analysis of residual content of used syringes can bring further and objective knowledge about consumed products through analytically confirmed data. Used syringes were sampled in 2 syringe-exchange facilities in Lausanne. These structures are a bus where the users bring back their syringes (ABS) and an automatic injecting kit dispenser (AIKD). Once syringes were collected, a validated gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) method was implemented in order to detect drugs (licit or illicit) contained in the residual content of used syringes. Cocaine was the most common drug detected alone (39% in ABS and 31% in AIKD), followed by the simultaneous detection of heroin and cocaine (12% and 17%) and heroin and midazolam (12% and 17%). The differences between the illicit drugs distribution of used syringes collected in AIKD and ABS were not statistically significant. Analysis of residual content of used syringes as a monitoring tool is an original approach that has already led to a better understanding of the habits of drug-injection users. Over the long term, this approach is a powerful tool to track and detect new consumption practices in a quasi-real-time.
Mots-clé
GC-MS, Harm reduction, Illicit drugs, Injection drug users (IDUs), Needle exchange programs, harm reduction, illicit drugs, injection drug users (IDUs), needle-exchange programmes
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
08/11/2017 15:26
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:48
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