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Primary sequence and functional expression of a novel ouabain-resistant Na,K-ATPase. The beta subunit modulates potassium activation of the Na,K-pump.
Journal of Biological Chemistry
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Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article
In order to understand the molecular mechanism of ouabain resistance in the toad Bufo marinus, Na,K-ATPase alpha and beta subunits have been cloned and their functional properties tested in the Xenopus laevis oocyte expression system. According to sequence comparison between species, alpha 1, beta 1, and beta 3 isoforms were identified in a clonal toad urinary bladder cell line (TBM 18-23). The sequence of the alpha 1 isoform is characterized by two positively charged amino acids (Arg, Lys) at the N-terminal border of the H1-H2 extracellular loop and no charged amino acid at the C terminus, a pattern distinct from the ouabain-resistant rat alpha 1 isoform. The coexpression of alpha 1 beta 1 or alpha 1 beta 3 TBM subunits in the Xenopus oocyte resulted in the expression of identical maximum Na,K-pump currents with identical inhibition constant for ouabain (Ki) (alpha 1 beta 1: 53 +/- 3 microM; n = 7 vs. alpha 1 beta 3: 57 +/- 3.0 microM; n = 8) but distinct potassium half activation constant (K1/2) (alpha 1 beta 1: 0.87 +/- 0.08 mM, n = 16; alpha 1 beta 3: 1.29 +/- 0.07 mM, n = 17; p less than 0.005). We conclude that (i) the TBM alpha 1 isoform is necessary and sufficient to confer the ouabain resistant phenotype; (ii) the beta 3 or beta 1 subunit can associate with the alpha 1 equally well without affecting the ouabain-resistant phenotype; (iii) some specific sequence of the beta subunit can modulate the activation of the Na,K-pump by extracellular potassium ions.
Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Base Sequence, Blotting, Northern, Bufo marinus, Cell Line, Cloning, Molecular, Female, Gene Library, Humans, Isoenzymes/genetics, Isoenzymes/metabolism, Macromolecular Substances, Molecular Sequence Data, Oligodeoxyribonucleotides, Oligonucleotides, Antisense, Oocytes/cytology, Ouabain/pharmacology, Potassium/pharmacology, RNA/genetics, RNA/isolation & purification, Recombinant Proteins/metabolism, Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid, Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase/drug effects, Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase/genetics, Transcription, Genetic, Urinary Bladder, Xenopus laevis
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