Article: article from journal or magazin.
Comparison of three commercially available radio frequency coils for human brain imaging at 3 Tesla.
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a transverse electromagnetic (TEM), a circularly polarized (CP) (birdcage), and a 12-channel phased array head coil at the clinical field strength of B0 = 3T in terms of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), signal homogeneity, and maps of the effective flip angle alpha. MATERIALS AND METHODS: SNR measurements were performed on low flip angle gradient echo images. In addition, flip angle maps were generated for alpha(nominal) = 30 degrees using the double angle method. These evaluation steps were performed on phantom and human brain data acquired with each coil. Moreover, the signal intensity variation was computed for phantom data using five different regions of interest. RESULTS: In terms of SNR, the TEM coil performs slightly better than the CP coil, but is second to the smaller 12-channel coil for human data. As expected, both the TEM and the CP coils show superior image intensity homogeneity than the 12-channel coil, and achieve larger mean effective flip angles than the combination of body and 12-channel coil with reduced radio frequency power deposition. CONCLUSION: At 3T the benefits of TEM coil design over conventional lumped element(s) coil design start to emerge, though the phased array coil retains an advantage with respect to SNR performance.
Algorithms, Artifacts, Brain/pathology, Brain Mapping/methods, Diagnostic Imaging/instrumentation, Diagnostic Imaging/methods, Electromagnetic Phenomena, Humans, Image Processing, Computer-Assisted, Magnetic Resonance Imaging/instrumentation, Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods, Phantoms, Imaging, Radiation, Radio Waves, Sensitivity and Specificity, Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted, Software
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