Article: article from journal or magazin.
Effect of major hepatectomy on glucose and lactate metabolism.
Annals of surgery
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't - Publication Status: ppublish
BACKGROUND: The liver plays an important role in glucose and lactate metabolism. Major hepatectomy may therefore be suspected to cause alterations of glucose and lactate homeostasis. METHODS: Thirteen subjects were studied: six patients after major hepatectomy and seven healthy subjects who had fasted overnight. Glucose turnover was measured with 6,6(2)H glucose. Lactate metabolism was assessed using two complementary approaches: 13C-glucose synthesis and 13CO2 production from an exogenous 13C-labeled lactate load infused over 15 minutes were measured, then the plasma lactate concentrations observed over 185 minutes after lactate load were fitted using a biexponential model to calculate lactate clearance, endogenous production, and half-lives. RESULTS: Three to five liver segments were excised. Compared to healthy controls, the following results were observed in the patients: 1) normal endogenous glucose production; 2) unchanged 13C-lactate oxidation and transformation into glucose; 3) similar basal plasma lactate concentration, lactate clearance, and lactate endogenous production; 4) decreased plasma lactate half-life 1 and increased half-life 2. CONCLUSIONS: Glucose and lactate metabolism are well maintained in patients after major hepatectomy, demonstrating a large liver functional reserve. Reduction in the size of normal liver parenchyma does not lead to hyperlactatemia. The use of a pharmacokinetic model, however, allows the detection of subtle alterations of lactate metabolism.
Adult, Aged, Female, Glucose, Hepatectomy, Humans, Lactic Acid, Male, Middle Aged
Web of science
Last modification date