Article: article from journal or magazin.
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Retroviral Integration Site Selection
Publication type : Review
The stable insertion of a copy of their genome into the host cell genome is an essential step of the life cycle of retroviruses. The site of viral DNA integration, mediated by the viral-encoded integrase enzyme, has important consequences for both the virus and the host cell. The analysis of retroviral integration site distribution was facilitated by the availability of the human genome sequence, revealing the non-random feature of integration site selection and identifying different favored and disfavored genomic locations for individual retroviruses. This review will summarize the current knowledge about retroviral differences in their integration site preferences as well as the mechanisms involved in this process.
retrovirus, integration, site selection, integrase, HIV, LEDGF, LEDGF/p75, PSIP1, lentivirus, transcription, HUMAN-IMMUNODEFICIENCY-VIRUS, MURINE LEUKEMIA-VIRUS, IN-VITRO INTEGRATION, GENOME-WIDE ANALYSIS, RNA-POLYMERASE-II, CD4(+) T-CELLS, HIV-1 INTEGRATION, DNA INTEGRATION, GENE-THERAPY, TYPE-1 INTEGRASE
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