A part of a book.
Chapter: chapter ou part
Genetic mechanisms underlying rhythmic EEG activity during sleep
Title of the book
Sleep and brain activity
Address of publication
Although it has long been known that genetic factors play a major role in shaping the electroencephalogram (EEG), progress on identifying the underlying genes has, until recently, been limited. Using quantitative trait loci (QTL) analyses several genomic loci affecting the sleep EEG could be mapped in the mouse. For three of these QTLs the responsible genes were identified leading to the implication of novel signaling pathways affecting EEG traits. Moreover, the insight that in the mouse the sleep-wake dependent dynamics in the expression of EEG slow waves during sleep is under strong genetic control has paved the way for candidate gene studies in humans investigating the contribution of specific polymorphism to the trait-like inter-individual differences in the susceptibility to sleep loss. Candidate gene studies in the mouse were also instrumental in establishing an alternative, noncircadian function for clock genes in the homeostatic regulation of sleep and modulating rhythmic EEG activity of thalamocortical origin. Future efforts should combine system genetics approaches in the mouse and genome-wide association studies in humans to facilitate uncovering the molecular pathways that shape brain activity.
heritability, twin studies, inbred strains, spectral analysis, development, maturation, delta, theta, sigma, beta, spindles, Rarb, Acads, Npas2
Last modification date