Article: article from journal or magazin.
Efficient in vivo induction of CTL by cell-associated covalent H-2Kd-peptide complexes.
Journal of immunological methods
Publication types: Journal Article Publication Status: ppublish
A novel procedure is presented describing the induction of antigen-specific cytolytic T lymphocytes (CTL) in vivo, that uses as immunogen syngeneic Concanavalin A stimulated spleen cells expressing H-2Kd (Kd) molecules photocrosslinked with a photoreactive peptide derivative. The Kd restricted Plasmodium berghei circumsporozoite (PbCS) peptide 253-260 (YIPSAEKI) was conjugated with photoreactive iodo-4-azidosalicylic acid (IASA) at the NH2-terminus and with 4-azidobenzoic acid (ABA) at the TCR contact residue Lys259 to make IASA-YIPSAEK(ABA)I. Selective photoactivation of the IASA group allowed specific photoaffinity labeling of cell-associated Kd molecules. Optimal peptide derivative binding to Kd molecules of concanavalin A stimulated spleen cells was obtained upon 4-6 h incubation at 26 degrees C in the presence of human beta 2 microglobulin. Photocrosslinking prevented the rapid dissociation of cell-associated Kd-peptide derivative complexes at 37 degrees C. The photoaffinity labeled cells were injected i.p. into syngeneic recipients. After 10 days, the peritoneal exudate lymphocytes were harvested and in vitro stimulated with peptide derivative pulsed P815 mastocytoma cells. The resulting bulk cultures displayed high cytolytic activity that was specific for IASA-YIPSAEK(ABA)I and YIPSAEK(ABA)I. In contrast, peritoneal exudate lymphocytes from mice inoculated with concanavalin A blasts that were pulsed, but not photocrosslinked, with IASA-YIPSAEK(ABA)I expressed only marginal levels of IASA-YIPSAEK(ABA)I-specific cytolytic activity. This immunization strategy, using neither adjuvants nor potentially hazardous transfected/transformed cells, is safe and should be universally applicable.
Affinity Labels, Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Azides, Concanavalin A, H-2 Antigens/immunology, H-2 Antigens/pharmacology, Histocompatibility Antigens Class I, Humans, Immunization, Immunotoxins/pharmacology, Iodine Radioisotopes, Lymphocyte Activation, Mice, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Molecular Sequence Data, Peptides/pharmacology, Spleen/cytology, Spleen/immunology, T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic/drug effects, T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic/immunology
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