Prefrailty and chronic morbidity in the youngest old: an insight from the Lausanne Cohort Lc65+.

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Etat: Public
Version: de l'auteur
ID Serval
serval:BIB_3FD407787037
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Prefrailty and chronic morbidity in the youngest old: an insight from the Lausanne Cohort Lc65+.
Périodique
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Auteur(s)
Danon-Hersch Nadia, Rodondi Nicolas, Spagnoli Jacques, Santos-Eggimann Brigitte
ISSN
1532-5415 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0002-8614
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2012
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
60
Numéro
9
Pages
1687-1694
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of prefrailty, frailty, comorbidity, and disability in the youngest old and to identify chronic diseases associated with individual frailty criteria.
DESIGN: Population-based cohort study of noninstitutionalized elderly adults at baseline; cross-sectional analysis.
SETTING: Lausanne, Switzerland.
PARTICIPANTS: One thousand two hundred eighty-three individuals with complete data on frailty, aged 65 to 70 (58.5% women).
MEASUREMENTS: Frailty was assessed according to an adaptation of Fried's criteria (shrinking, weakness, exhaustion, slowness, and low activity, three criteria needed for the diagnosis of frailty, 1 to 2 for prefrailty). Other outcomes were diseases diagnosed by a doctor (≥ 2 chronic diseases: comorbidity) and limitations in activities of daily living (ADLs, basic and instrumental).
RESULTS: At baseline, of 1,283 participants 71.1% were classified as nonfrail, 26.4% as prefrail, and 2.5% as frail. The proportion of women increased across these three groups (56.5%, 62.8%, and 71.9%, respectively; P = .01), as did the proportion of individuals with one or more chronic diseases (68.0%, 82.8%, and 90.6%, respectively; P < .001) and the proportion with basic or instrumental ADL disability (1.6%, 10.3%, and 59.4%, respectively; P < .001). Weakness (low grip strength) was the most frequent criterion (14.3%). Prefrail participants had significantly more comorbidity and ADL disability than nonfrail participants (P < .001). When present in isolation, weakness was associated with two to three times greater prevalence of coronary heart disease, other heart diseases, diabetes mellitus, and arthritis. Similarly, a significant association was identified between exhaustion and depression.
CONCLUSION: Prefrailty is common in the youngest old. The most prevalent frailty criterion is weakness, which is associated with cardiovascular diseases. Longitudinal studies of the evolution of prefrailty should explore the role of potential interactions between individual frailty criteria and specific chronic diseases.
Mots-clé
Activities of Daily Living, Aged, Chi-Square Distribution, Chronic Disease/epidemiology, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Frail Elderly, Geriatric Assessment, Humans, Logistic Models, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Morbidity/trends, Prevalence, Questionnaires, Switzerland/epidemiology
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
26/10/2012 18:20
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 13:37
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