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The molecular signature of mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma differs from that of other diffuse large B-cell lymphomas and shares features with classical Hodgkin lymphoma.
Mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (MLBCL) is a recently identified subtype of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) that characteristically presents as localized tumors in young female patients. Although MLBCL has distinctive pathologic features, it clinically resembles the nodular sclerosis subtype of classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL). To elucidate the molecular features of MLBCL, we compared the gene expression profiles of newly diagnosed MLBCL and DLBCL and developed a classifier of these diseases. MLBCLs had low levels of expression of multiple components of the B-cell receptor signaling cascade, a profile resembling that of Reed-Sternberg cells of cHL. Like cHLs, MLBCLs also had high levels of expression of the interleukin-13 (IL-13) receptor and downstream effectors of IL-13 signaling (Janus kinase-2 [JAK2] and signal transducer and activator of transcription-1 [STAT1]), tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family members, and TNF receptor-associated factor-1 (TRAF1). Increased expression of STAT1 and TRAF1 in MLBCL was confirmed by immunohistochemistry. Given the TRAF1 expression and known link to nuclear factor-kappa B (NF- kappa B), MLBCLs were also evaluated for nuclear translocation of c-REL protein. In almost all cases, c-REL was localized to the nucleus, consistent with activation of the NF-kappa B pathway. These studies identify a molecular link between MLBCL and cHL and a shared survival pathway.
Active Transport, Cell Nucleus, Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, DNA-Binding Proteins/analysis, Diagnosis, Differential, Female, Gene Expression Profiling, Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic, Hodgkin Disease/diagnosis, Hodgkin Disease/pathology, Humans, Immunohistochemistry, Interleukin-13/metabolism, Lymphoma, B-Cell/diagnosis, Lymphoma, B-Cell/pathology, Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/classification, Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/diagnosis, Male, Mediastinal Neoplasms/diagnosis, Mediastinal Neoplasms/pathology, Middle Aged, Proteins/analysis, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-rel/metabolism, Receptors, Antigen, B-Cell/metabolism, STAT1 Transcription Factor, Signal Transduction, TNF Receptor-Associated Factor 1, Trans-Activators/analysis
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