A randomized phase II trial of a drug eluting bead in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma by transcatheter arterial chemoembolization

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_3F4BE3FA5BB4
Type
Actes de conférence (partie): contribution originale à la littérature scientifique, publiée à l'occasion de conférences scientifiques, dans un ouvrage de compte-rendu (proceedings), ou dans l'édition spéciale d'un journal reconnu (conference proceedings).
Sous-type
Abstract (résumé de présentation): article court qui reprend les éléments essentiels présentés à l'occasion d'une conférence scientifique dans un poster ou lors d'une intervention orale.
Collection
Publications
Titre
A randomized phase II trial of a drug eluting bead in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma by transcatheter arterial chemoembolization
Titre de la conférence
45th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Auteur(s)
Lencioni R., Malagari K., Vogl T., Pilleul F., Denys A., Watkinson A., Lammer J.
Adresse
Orlando, Florida, May 29-June 02, 2009
ISBN
0732-183X
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2009
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
27
Série
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Pages
4523
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Background: Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) has been shown to offer a survival benefit for patients with intermediate-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). A widely accepted TACE regimen includes the administration of a doxorubicin-in-oil emulsion followed by gelatine sponge particles. Recently, a drug-eluting bead (DEB) has been developed to enhance drug delivery to the tumor and reduce its systemic availability. Purpose of this randomized trial was to compare conventional TACE with DEB-TACE for the treatment of intermediate-stage HCC in patients with cirrhosis. Methods: Two hundred and twelve patients (185 males and 27 females; mean age, 67 years) with Child-Pugh A or B liver cirrhosis and large and/or multinodular, unresectable HCC were randomized to receive DEB-TACE (DC Bead; Biocompatibles, UK) uploaded with doxorubicin or conventional TACE with doxorubicin, lipiodol, and gelatin sponge particles. Randomization was stratified according to Child Pugh status (A or B), performance status (ECOG 0 or 1), bilobar disease (yes or no) and prior curative treatment (yes or no). Tumor response at 6 months was the primary study endpoint. An independent, blinded review of magnetic resonance imaging studies was conducted to assess tumor response according to amended RECIST criteria. Results: DEB-TACE with doxorubicin showed a higher rate of complete response, objective response and disease control compared with conventional TACE (27% vs 22%; 52% vs 44%; and 63% vs 52%, respectively; p>0.05). Patients with Child Pugh B, ECOG 1, bilobar disease and recurrence following curative treatment showed a significant increase in objective response (p=0.038) compared to the control. There was a marked reduction in serious liver toxicity in patients treated with DEB-TACE. The rate of doxorubicin related side effects was significantly lower (p=0.0001) in the DEB-TACE group compared with the conventional TACE group. Conclusions: DEB-TACE with doxorubicin is safe and effective in the treatment of intermediate-stage HCC and may offer benefit to patients with more advanced disease.
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Création de la notice
18/08/2010 14:08
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 16:25
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