Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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A randomized phase II trial of a drug eluting bead in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma by transcatheter arterial chemoembolization
Title of the conference
45th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Orlando, Florida, May 29-June 02, 2009
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Background: Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) has been shown to offer a survival benefit for patients with intermediate-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). A widely accepted TACE regimen includes the administration of a doxorubicin-in-oil emulsion followed by gelatine sponge particles. Recently, a drug-eluting bead (DEB) has been developed to enhance drug delivery to the tumor and reduce its systemic availability. Purpose of this randomized trial was to compare conventional TACE with DEB-TACE for the treatment of intermediate-stage HCC in patients with cirrhosis. Methods: Two hundred and twelve patients (185 males and 27 females; mean age, 67 years) with Child-Pugh A or B liver cirrhosis and large and/or multinodular, unresectable HCC were randomized to receive DEB-TACE (DC Bead; Biocompatibles, UK) uploaded with doxorubicin or conventional TACE with doxorubicin, lipiodol, and gelatin sponge particles. Randomization was stratified according to Child Pugh status (A or B), performance status (ECOG 0 or 1), bilobar disease (yes or no) and prior curative treatment (yes or no). Tumor response at 6 months was the primary study endpoint. An independent, blinded review of magnetic resonance imaging studies was conducted to assess tumor response according to amended RECIST criteria. Results: DEB-TACE with doxorubicin showed a higher rate of complete response, objective response and disease control compared with conventional TACE (27% vs 22%; 52% vs 44%; and 63% vs 52%, respectively; p>0.05). Patients with Child Pugh B, ECOG 1, bilobar disease and recurrence following curative treatment showed a significant increase in objective response (p=0.038) compared to the control. There was a marked reduction in serious liver toxicity in patients treated with DEB-TACE. The rate of doxorubicin related side effects was significantly lower (p=0.0001) in the DEB-TACE group compared with the conventional TACE group. Conclusions: DEB-TACE with doxorubicin is safe and effective in the treatment of intermediate-stage HCC and may offer benefit to patients with more advanced disease.
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