Article: article from journal or magazin.
Mapping the proteome of Leishmania Viannia parasites using two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and associated technologies.
In this study we have demonstrated the potential of two-dimensional electrophoresis (2DE)-based technologies as tools for characterization of the Leishmania proteome (the expressed protein complement of the genome). Standardized neutral range (pH 5-7) proteome maps of Leishmania (Viannia) guyanensis and Leishmania (Viannia) panamensis promastigotes were reproducibly generated by 2DE of soluble parasite extracts, which were prepared using lysis buffer containing urea and nonidet P-40 detergent. The Coomassie blue and silver nitrate staining systems both yielded good resolution and representation of protein spots, enabling the detection of approximately 800 and 1,500 distinct proteins, respectively. Several reference protein spots common to the proteomes of all parasite species/strains studied were isolated and identified by peptide mass spectrometry (LC-ES-MS/MS), and bioinformatics approaches as members of the heat shock protein family, ribosomal protein S12, kinetoplast membrane protein 11 and a hypothetical Leishmania-specific 13 kDa protein of unknown function. Immunoblotting of Leishmania protein maps using a monoclonal antibody resulted in the specific detection of the 81.4 kDa and 77.5 kDa subunits of paraflagellar rod proteins 1 and 2, respectively. Moreover, differences in protein expression profiles between distinct parasite clones were reproducibly detected through comparative proteome analyses of paired maps using image analysis software. These data illustrate the resolving power of 2DE-based proteome analysis. The production and basic characterization of good quality Leishmania proteome maps provides an essential first step towards comparative protein expression studies aimed at identifying the molecular determinants of parasite drug resistance and virulence, as well as discovering new drug and vaccine targets.
Animals, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Cattle, Drosophila/parasitology, Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional, Immunoblotting/methods, Leishmania/genetics, Mass Spectrometry/methods, Proteome/analysis, Protozoan Proteins/analysis, Silver Staining
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