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Neuropathologie et pathologie moléculaire des gliomes [Neuropathology and molecular pathology of gliomas]
Revue Médicale Suisse
Gliomas are the most frequent primary brain tumours. The WHO classification is essentially based on histological and immunohistochemical criteria. More recently multiple cytogenetic and molecular alterations associated with initiation and progression have been shown and the genetic profiles of tumour entities have been incorporated in the WHO classifiacation. Molecular testing of the MGMT promotor methylation in glioblastoma, predictive for the response to combined radio-/chimiothérapie, and the LOH 1p/19q in oligodendroglial tumours, as prognostic factor supplements the histopathological diagnosis. In the near futur array-based profiling techniques will contribute to a refinement of glioma classification and identify targets for more individualized glioma therapies.
Central Nervous System Neoplasms/pathology, Glioma/pathology, Humans
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