Prospective Assessment of Sex-Related Differences in Symptom Status and Health Perception Among Patients With Atrial Fibrillation.

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: 28666988_BIB_3EA458583700.pdf (238.56 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
ID Serval
serval:BIB_3EA458583700
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Prospective Assessment of Sex-Related Differences in Symptom Status and Health Perception Among Patients With Atrial Fibrillation.
Périodique
Journal of the American Heart Association
Auteur(s)
Blum S., Muff C., Aeschbacher S., Ammann P., Erne P., Moschovitis G., Di Valentino M., Shah D., Schläpfer J., Fischer A., Merkel T., Kühne M., Sticherling C., Osswald S., Conen D.
ISSN
2047-9980 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
2047-9980
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
30/06/2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
6
Numéro
7
Pages
1-8
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Multicenter Study ; Observational Study
Publication Status: epublish
Résumé
We prospectively assessed sex-specific differences in health perception, overall symptom status, and specific symptoms in a large cohort of patients with atrial fibrillation.
We performed a prospective multicenter observational cohort study of 1553 patients with atrial fibrillation. Patients completed questionnaires about personal characteristics, comorbidities, and symptoms on a yearly basis. Mean age was 70±11 years among women and 67±12 years among men. Health perception on a visual analogue scale ranging from 0 to 100 (with higher scores indicating better health perception) was significantly lower in women than in men (70 [interquartile range: 50-80] versus 75 [interquartile range: 60-85]; javax.xml.bind.JAXBElement@29592a5d <0.0001). More women than men had any symptoms (85.0% versus 68.3%; javax.xml.bind.JAXBElement@7ac0b4e4 <0.0001), palpitations (65.2% versus 44.4%; javax.xml.bind.JAXBElement@41229466 <0.0001), dizziness (25.6% versus 13.5%; javax.xml.bind.JAXBElement@61871784 <0.0001), dyspnea (35.7% versus 21.8%; javax.xml.bind.JAXBElement@16cc22b <0.0001), and fatigue (25.3% versus 19.1%; javax.xml.bind.JAXBElement@7ef43176 =0.006). At 1-year follow-up, symptoms decreased in both sexes but remained more frequent in women (49.1% versus 32.6%, javax.xml.bind.JAXBElement@2b200b6a <0.0001). In multivariable adjusted longitudinal regression models, female sex remained an independent predictor for lower health perception (ß=-4.8; 95% CI, -6.5 to -3.1; javax.xml.bind.JAXBElement@72c212bd <0.0001), any symptoms (odds ratio [OR]: 2.6; 95% CI, 2.1-3.4; javax.xml.bind.JAXBElement@15d8fb54 <0.0001), palpitations (OR: 2.6; 95% CI, 2.1-3.2; javax.xml.bind.JAXBElement@4af80718 <0.0001), dizziness (OR: 2.9; 95% CI, 2.1-3.9; javax.xml.bind.JAXBElement@61282e76 <0.0001), dyspnea (OR: 2.1; 95% CI, 1.6-2.8; javax.xml.bind.JAXBElement@31d9f14 <0.0001), fatigue (OR: 1.6; 95% CI, 1.2-2.2; javax.xml.bind.JAXBElement@51cdd678 =0.0008), and chest pain (OR: 1.8; 95% CI, 1.3-2.6; javax.xml.bind.JAXBElement@5b87db9e =0.001).
Women with atrial fibrillation have a substantially higher symptom burden and lower health perception than men. These relationships persisted after multivariable adjustment and during prospective follow-up.

Mots-clé
Aged, Atrial Fibrillation/psychology, Attitude to Health, Dizziness/psychology, Dyspnea/psychology, Fatigue/psychology, Health Status, Humans, Male, Prospective Studies, Self Concept, Sex Characteristics, Surveys and Questionnaires, atrial fibrillation, epidemiology, health perception, sex‐related differences, symptoms
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
17/07/2017 9:53
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:35
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