Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Hippocampal sparing whole brain radiotherapy and simultaneously integrated boost with helical tomotherapy in patients with brain metastases
Title of the conference
ICT 2011, International Conference on Tomotherapy
Heidelberg, Germany, September 16-17, 2011
Strahlentherapie und Onkologie
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Materials/Methods: Four patients who underwent whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) and simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) between August 2010 and February 2011 were included to this study. Their age were 60, 61, 65, and 70 years. Primary diagnosis was infiltrative ductal breast cancer in two patients, sigmoid adenocarcinoma in one, and transitional bladder cancer in the other patient. All patients underwent cranial surgery but not all of the metastases were operated in 2 patients. All but one (five metastases) patient presented with single brain metastasis. In 2 of the 4 patients, hippocampus was spared contralaterally due to vicinity of the lesions to unilateral hippocampus. Planning irradiation dose was 30 Gy in 10 fractions for WBRT and 40 Gy in 10 fractions for SIB over two weeks in three patients. In one patient, WBRT and boost doses were 36Gy and 50.4 Gy in 18 fractions. Our maximum dose constraints for hippocampus and eyes were 10 and 20 Gy, respectively. All organs were contoured manually. Hippocampi were contoured according to published guidelines, and 5-mm margin expansion was used for hippocampal avoidance volume. All plans utilized a field width of 2.5 cm. Modulation factors ranged between 2 and 3.5. A pitch of 0,287 was used for all patients. All plans were evaluated according to conformity index (CI), homogeneity index (HI), target coverage (TC), and mean normalized total dose (NTDmean). An alpha/beta ratio of 2 was assumed for the hippocampus.Results: Median planning target volume (PTV) for metastases was 17.47 cc.Median hippocampal avoidance volume was 14.73 cc (range, 9.25-16.18 cc). Median average hippocampaldose was 11.84 Gy (range, 10.14-21.01 Gy). PTVs were fully covered with more than 95% of the prescribed dose for all patients. With a median follow-up time of 6 months (range, 3-9 months), all patients were alive without recurrent intracranial disease. To date, no neurocognitive decline reported in any of the patients.Conclusions: Preclinical evidence suggests that hippocampal sparing during cranial irradiation may mitigate neurocognitive decline. Using HT, we significantly reduced the mean dose to the hippocampus without jeopardizing coverage of metastases and whole brain.
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