Article: article from journal or magazin.
Differential phosphorylation of some proteins of the neuronal cytoskeleton during brain development.
The cytoskeleton is important for neuronal morphogenesis. During the postnatal development of cat brain, the molecular composition of the neuronal cytoskeleton changes with maturation. Several of its proteins change in their rate of expression, in their degree of phosphorylation, in their subcellular distribution, or in their biochemical properties. It is proposed that phosphorylation is an essential mechanism to regulate the plasticity of the early, juvenile-type cytoskeleton. Among such proteins are several microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs), such as MAP5a, MAP2c or the juvenile tau proteins. Phosphorylation may also act on neurofilaments, postulated to be involved in the adult-type stabilization of axons. These observations imply that phosphorylation may affect cytoskeleton function in axons and dendrites at various developmental stages. Yet, the mechanisms of phosphorylation and its regulation cascades are largely unknown. In view of the topic of this issue on CD15, the potential role of matrix molecules being involved in the modulation of phosphorylation activity and of cytoskeletal properties is addressed.
Animals, Animals, Newborn/growth & development, Animals, Newborn/metabolism, Brain/cytology, Brain/growth & development, Brain Chemistry, Cats, Cell Differentiation, Cytoskeleton/chemistry, Cytoskeleton/metabolism, Extracellular Matrix/metabolism, Glycoproteins/metabolism, Microtubule-Associated Proteins/chemistry, Microtubule-Associated Proteins/metabolism, Nerve Tissue Proteins/chemistry, Nerve Tissue Proteins/metabolism, Neurons/chemistry, Neurons/metabolism, Phosphorylation, Spectrin/chemistry, Spectrin/metabolism
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