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BMI group-related differences in physical fitness and physical activity in preschool-age children: a cross-sectional analysis.
Research Quarterly For Exercise and Sport
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Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Publication Status: ppublish
In the Ballabeina study, we investigated age- and BMI-group-related differences in aerobic fitness (20 m shuttle run), agility (obstacle course), dynamic (balance beam) and static balance (balance platform), and physical activity (PA, accelerometers) in 613 children (M age = 5.1 years, SD = 0.6). Normal weight (NW) children performed better than overweight (OW) children in aerobic fitness, agility, and dynamic balance (all p <.001), while OWchildren had a better static balance (p < .001). BMI-group-related differences in aerobic fitness and agility were larger in older children (p for interaction with age = .01) in favor of the NW children. PA did not differ between NW and OW (p > or = .1), but did differ between NW and obese children (p < .05). BMI-group-related differences in physical fitness can already be present in preschool-age children.
Age Factors, Body Mass Index, Child, Child, Preschool, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Humans, Male, Motor Activity/physiology, Motor Skills/physiology, Obesity/physiopathology, Overweight/physiopathology, Physical Fitness/physiology, Postural Balance, Running/physiology, Sex Factors, Switzerland, Task Performance and Analysis
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