Have community sanctions and measures widened the net of the European criminal justice systems?

Détails

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Etat: Serval
Version: Final published version
Licence: Non spécifiée
ID Serval
serval:BIB_3D6D8E2B09C8
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Have community sanctions and measures widened the net of the European criminal justice systems?
Périodique
Punishment & Society
Auteur(s)
Aebi Marcelo F., Delgrande Natalia, Marguet Yann
ISSN
1462-4745
1741-3095
ISSN-L
1462-4745
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
01/12/2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
17
Numéro
5
Pages
575-597
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Analysing the evolution of imprisonment and community sanctions in Europe from 1990 to 2010 this article tests whether community sanctions have been used as alternatives to imprisonment or as supplementary sanctions. The results show that both the number of persons serving community sanctions and the number of inmates have continuously increased in almost all European countries during the period studied. A comparison with the evolution of crime rates shows that the latter cannot explain such trends and suggests that, instead of being alternatives to imprisonment, community sanctions have contributed to widening the net of the European criminal justice systems. The analyses also show a wide diversity in the use of community sanctions across Europe where, in 2010, the ratio between inmates and persons serving community sanctions varied from 2:1 to 1:3. In a comparative perspective, Finland, Norway and Switzerland seem to have found a reasonable balance between the use of imprisonment and community sanctions.
Mots-clé
Social Sciences (miscellaneous), Law
Web of science
Création de la notice
01/02/2017 15:03
Dernière modification de la notice
08/03/2019 7:13
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