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Perinatal Hypoxia Enhances Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate-mediated BKCa Channel Activation in Adult Murine Pulmonary Artery.
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Exposure to perinatal hypoxia results in alteration of the adult pulmonary circulation, which is linked among others to alterations in K channels in pulmonary artery (PA) smooth muscle cells. In particular, large conductance Ca-activated K (BKCa) channels protein expression and activity were increased in adult PA from mice born in hypoxia compared with controls. We evaluated long-term effects of perinatal hypoxia on the cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)/protein kinase A (PKA) pathway-mediated activation of BKCa channels, using isoproterenol, forskolin, and dibutyryl-cAMP. Whole-cell outward current was higher in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells from mice born in hypoxia compared with controls. Spontaneous transient outward currents, representative of BKCa activity, were present in a greater proportion in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells of mice born in hypoxia than in controls. Agonists induced a greater relaxation in PA of mice born in hypoxia compared with controls, and BKCa channels contributed more to the cAMP/PKA-mediated relaxation in case of perinatal hypoxia. In summary, perinatal hypoxia enhanced cAMP-mediated BKCa channels activation in adult murine PA, suggesting that this pathway could be a potential target for modulating adult pulmonary vascular tone after perinatal hypoxia.
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