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Improvement in secondary hyperparathyroidism due to drug adherence monitoring in dialysis patients.
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BACKGROUND: Poor medication adherence is a frequent cause of treatment failure but is difficult to diagnose. In this study we have evaluated the impact of measuring adherence to cinacalcet-HCl and phosphate binders in dialysis patients with uncontrolled secondary hyperparathyroidism. METHODS: 7 chronic dialysis patients with iPTH-levels >= 300 pg/ml despite treatment with >= 60 mg cinacalcet-HCl were included. Medication adherence was measured using the "Medication Events Monitoring System" during 3 months, followed by another 3-month period without monitoring. The adherence results were monthly discussed with the patients, as well as strategies to improve them. RESULTS: During monitoring, the percentage of prescribed doses taken was higher for cinacalcet-HCl (87.4%) and sevelamer (86.3%) than for calcium acetate (76.1%), as was the taking adherence (81.9% vs. 57.3% vs. 49.1%) but not the percentage of drug holidays (12.3% vs. 4.5% vs. 3.6%). Mean PO4 levels (from 2.24 +/- 0.6 mmol/l to 1.73 +/- 0.41 mmol/l; p = 0.14) and Ca++ x PO4 product (4.73 +/- 1.43 to 3.41 +/- 1.04 mmol2/l2; p = 0.12) improved and iPTH-level improved significantly from 916 +/- 618 pg/ml to 442 +/- 326 pg/ml (p = 0.04), without any change in medication. However, as drug monitoring was interrupted, all laboratory parameters worsened again. CONCLUSIONS: Assessment of drug adherence helped to document episodes of non-compliance and helped to avoid seemingly necessary dose increases.
Drug Adherence, Electronic Drug Monitoring, Phosphate Binders, Cinacalcet, Calcimimetics, Mortality Risk, Resistant Hypertension, Hemodialysis, Medication, Noncompliance, Associations, Nonadherence, Product
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