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Adaptive host preference and the dynamics of host-parasite interactions
Theoretical Population Biology
Date de publication
Models of two independent host populations and a common parasitoid are investigated. The hosts have density-dependent population growth and only interact indirectly by their effects on parasitoid behavior and population dynamics. The parasitoid is assumed to experience a trade-off in its ability to exploit the two hosts, Three alternative types of parasitoid are investigated: (i) fixed generalists whose consumption rates are those that maximize fitness; (ii) "ideal free" parasitoids, which modify their behavior to maximize their rate of finding unparasitized hosts within a generation; and (iii) "evolving" parasitoids, whose capture rates change between generations based on quantitative genetic determination of the relative attack rates on the two hosts, The primary questions addressed are: (1) Do the different types of adaptive processes stabilize or destabilize the population dynamics? (2) Do the adaptive processes tend to equalize or to magnify differences in host densities? The models show that adaptive behavior and evolution frequently destabilize population dynamics and frequently increase the average difference between host densities.
adaptive food choice, complex dynamics, habitat choice, host, parasitoid stability, switching
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