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Nucleotide sequences of accessible regions of 23S RNA in 50S ribosomal subunits.
Nucleotide sequences around kethoxal-reactive guanine residues of 23S RNA in 50S ribosomal subunits have been determined. By use of the diagonal paper electrophoresis method )Noller, H.F. (1974), Biochemistry 13, 4694-4703), 41 ribonuclease T1 oligonucleotides, originating from about 25 sites, were identified and sequenced. These sites are single stranded and accessible in free 50S subunits, and are thus potential sites for interaction with functional ligands during protein synthesis. Examination of these sequences for potential intermolecular base-pairing reveals the following: (1) There are 19 possible complementary combinations between exposed sequences in 16S and 23S RNA containing more than 4 base pairs: 15 containing 5 base pairs and 4 containing 6 base pairs. Nine of these complementary combinations contain 16S RNA sequences which we have previously shown to be protected from kethoxall by 50S subunits (Chapman, N.M., and Noller, H.F. (1977), J. Mol. Biol. 109, 131-149). (2) One of the exposed sites in 23S RNA has a sequence which is complementary to the invariant GT psi CR sequence in tRNA.
Aldehydes, Base Sequence, Butanones, Escherichia coli, Guanine/analysis, Hydrogen Bonding, Molecular Weight, Nucleic Acid Conformation, RNA, Bacterial, RNA, Ribosomal, Ribosomes/ultrastructure
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