Postmortem computed tomography findings in suicide victims.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_3B3C13A30425
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Sous-type
Synthèse (review): revue aussi complète que possible des connaissances sur un sujet, rédigée à partir de l'analyse exhaustive des travaux publiés.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Postmortem computed tomography findings in suicide victims.
Périodique
Diagnostic and interventional imaging
Auteur(s)
Garetier M., Deloire L., Dédouit F., Dumousset E., Saccardy C., Ben Salem D.
ISSN
2211-5684 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
2211-5684
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
02/2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
98
Numéro
2
Pages
101-112
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Review
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Suicide is the eighth cause of mortality in France and the leading cause in people aged between 25 and 34 years. The most common methods of suicide are hanging, self-poisoning with medicines and firearms. Postmortem computed tomography (CT) is a useful adjunct to autopsy to confirm suicide and exclude other causes of death. At autopsy, fractures of the hyoid bone or thyroid cartilage, or both, are found in more than 50% of suicidal hangings. Cervical vertebra fractures are rare and only seen in suicide victims jumping from a great height. Three-dimensional reconstructions from CT data are useful to visualize the ligature mark on the neck. In suicides by firearm, postmortem CT shows entry and exit wounds, parenchymal lesions along the bullet path, as well as projectiles in case of penetrating trauma. However, in the chest and abdomen it is more difficult to identify the path of the projectile. Postmortem CT also shows specific features of suicide by drowning or stabbing, but its use is limited in cases of self-poisoning. The use of postmortem CT is also limited by decomposition and change of body position. This article presents the imaging features seen on postmortem CT according to the method of suicide.

Mots-clé
Asphyxia/diagnostic imaging, Autopsy/methods, Drowning/diagnostic imaging, Forensic Pathology, Gastrointestinal Contents/diagnostic imaging, Humans, Lung/diagnostic imaging, Neck Injuries/diagnostic imaging, Poisoning/diagnostic imaging, Suicide, Tomography, X-Ray Computed, Wounds, Gunshot/diagnostic imaging, Wounds, Stab/diagnostic imaging, Drowning, Gunshot, Hanging, Postmortem computed tomography, Suicide imaging
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
19/10/2016 8:24
Dernière modification de la notice
08/05/2019 17:18
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