Article: article from journal or magazin.
Crystal structure of a complex between human spliceosomal cyclophilin H and a U4/U6 snRNP-60K peptide.
Journal of Molecular Biology
The spliceosomal cyclophilin H is a specific component of the human U4/U6 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particle, interacting with homologous sequences in the proteins U4/U6-60K and hPrp18 during pre-mRNA splicing. We determined the crystal structure of the complex comprising cyclophilin H and the cognate domain of U4/U6-60K. The 31 amino acid fragment of U4/U6-60K is bound to a region remote from the cyclophilin active site. Residues Ile118-Phe121 of U4/U6-60K expand the central beta-sheet of cyclophilin H and the side-chain of Phe121 inserts into a hydrophobic cavity. Concomitantly, in the crystal the cyclophilin H active site is occupied by the N terminus of a neighboring cyclophilin H molecule in a substrate-like manner, indicating the capacity of joint binding to a substrate and to U4/U6-60K. Free and complexed cyclophilin H have virtually identical conformations suggesting that the U4/U6-60K binding site is pre-shaped and the peptidyl-prolyl-cis/trans isomerase activity is unaffected by complex formation. The complex defines a novel protein-protein interaction mode for a cyclophilin, allowing cyclophilin H to mediate interactions between different proteins inside the spliceosome or to initiate from its binding platforms isomerization or chaperoning activities.
Amino Acid Sequence, Binding Sites, Crystallography, X-Ray, Cyclophilins/chemistry, Humans, Models, Molecular, Molecular Sequence Data, Molecular Structure, Peptidylprolyl Isomerase/chemistry, Phylogeny, Protein Binding, Protein Conformation, Ribonucleoprotein, U4-U6 Small Nuclear/chemistry, Spliceosomes/chemistry
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