Article: article from journal or magazin.
Case report (case report): feedback on an observation with a short commentary.
Indocyanine Green Angiography Findings in Acute Retinal Necrosis Syndrome.
Klinische Monatsblatter Fur Augenheilkunde
Publication types: JOURNAL ARTICLEPublication Status: ppublish
BACKGROUND: Acute retinal necrosis syndrome is clinically defined by the presence of peripheral necrotizing retinitis associated with severe occlusive vasculitis caused primarily by herpes simplex virus and varicella zoster virus. Previously considered as an exclusively retinal pathology, choroidal involvement, as demonstrated by indocyanine green angiography, has not been extensively studied. HISTORY AND SIGNS: Indocyanine green angiography was performed in 4 patients with ARN. Observed angiographic patterns included: 1. a characteristic triangular area of hypo-perfusion, 2. hypofluorescent lobular patches and areas of fuzzy choroidal vascular hyperfluorescence, and 3. isolated hypofluorescent lobular patches of the contralateral eye. THERAPY AND OUTCOME: Marked choroidal hypo-perfusion on indocyanine green angiography was associated with extensive retinal ischemia. Treatment included a combination of antiviral agents and corticosteroids complemented by prophylactic acetylsalicylate. CONCLUSION: Indocyanine green angiography may provide important information regarding choroidal vascular involvement in ARN. It may also permit the timely identification of sub-clinical contralateral eye involvement.
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