Article: article from journal or magazin.
Antigenic heterogeneity of clones and subclones from human melanoma cell lines demonstrated by a panel of monoclonal antibodies and flow microfluorometry analysis.
International Journal of Cancer
Cells from two melanoma cell lines, Me43 and GLL-19, were cloned in methylcellulose cultures and 20 randomly selected colonies from each line were picked up by micromanipulation, expanded in liquid cultures, and considered as clones of the original cell lines. The antigenic cell surface phenotype of these clones defined by panel of 12 monoclonal antibodies (MAb) was analyzed by flow microfluorometry (FMF) using a fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS II) and compared with the known stable phenotype of the parent cell line. The antibody panel consisted of eight MAb against melanoma-associated antigens, two MAb against monomorphic determinants of HLA-DR (la) and HLA-ABC, respectively, one MAb against the common acute lymphoblastic leukemia antigen (CALLA) and one MAb against carcinoembryonic antigen used as control. A remarkable heterogeneity in terms of qualitative and quantitative expression of the cell surface antigens studied was observed among and within the different clones. The single-cell origin of the clones was assessed by comparing the clonogenic cell frequency, determined by limiting dilutions in microculture plates, with the cloning efficiency observed in Petri dishes. Both techniques using methylcellulose medium gave the same percentages of growing colonies. Cells from four Me43 clones were recloned in methylcellulose and the phenotype of five randomly selected subclones from each clone was analysed using the same panel of monoclonal antibodies. Each subclone also displayed heterogeneity with individual phenotypes different from that of the original clone and from the parental Me43 cell line. The antigen expression by individual cells in situ within clones was analyzed on frozen sections from colonies using the same panel of MAb and a biotin-avidin immunoperoxidase method. The results confirmed the marked heterogeneity of antigen expression within and among colonies, as indicated by the FMF analysis.
Antibodies, Monoclonal/immunology, Antigens, Neoplasm/analysis, Antigens, Surface/analysis, Cell Line, Clone Cells/immunology, Flow Cytometry, Humans, Male, Melanoma/immunology, Middle Aged
Web of science
Last modification date