Article: article from journal or magazin.
The development of the binocular depth cells in the secondary visual cortex of the lamb.
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B
Journal Article --- Old month value: Jun 4
In most respects, the response properties of cells in the secondary visual cortex of the newborn lamb were indistinguishable from those in the adult. The cells were sharply selective to orientation; the orientation preferences were the same in each eye, and they varied systematically as the electrode penetrated the cortex. The receptive-field organization did not differ noticeably from that in adults, and complex, hypercomplex, and a few simple cells were all observed. The ocular dominance distribution was similar to that in the adult. Most importantly, binocular cells were found with disparate receptive fields even in newborn, visually inexperienced animals. As in the adult, the disparities were largely horizontal, and they appeared to be arranged in columns. Many of the cells responded preferentially to a binocular stimulus at a particular disparity setting (often approximately zero), but unlike those in the adult almost all the binocular cells in the newborn lamb would also respond monocularly, and the enhancement at the optimal disparity was less than in the adult. The full development of binocular selectivity took several weeks, and was blocked by binocular deprivation. We conclude that the basic wiring of stereoscopic mechanisms is innate, but the development of mature binocular interaction may depend on an adaptive process which makes use of the visual information received during binocular stimulation.
Aging, Animals, Animals, Newborn, Goats, Sheep, Vision, Ocular, Visual Cortex/growth &, development, Visual Cortex/physiology, Visual Perception
Web of science
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