Article: article from journal or magazin.
Reliability of stable carbon and oxygen isotope compositions of pedogenic needle fibre calcite as environmental indicators: examples from Western Europe.
Isotopes In Environmental and Health Studies
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Publication Status: ppublish
Stable carbon and oxygen isotope analyses were conducted on pedogenic needle fibre calcite (NFC) from seven sites in areas with roughly similar temperate climates in Western Europe, including the Swiss Jura Mountains, eastern and southern France, northern Wales, and north-eastern Spain. The δ(13)C values (-12.5 to-6.8 0/00 Vienna Pee Dee Belemnite (VPDB)) record the predominant C(3) vegetation cover at the sites. A good correlation was found between mean monthly climatic parameters (air temperature, number of frost days, humidity, and precipitation) and δ(18)O values (-7.8 to-3.40/00 VPDB) of all the NFC. Similar seasonal variations of δ(18)O values for monthly NFC samples from the Swiss sites and those of mean monthly δ(18)O values of local precipitation and meteorological data point out precipitation and preferential growth/or recrystallisation of the pedogenic needle calcite during dry seasons. These covariations indicate the potential of stable isotope compositions of preserved NFC in fossil soil horizons as a promising tool for palaeoenvironmental reconstructions.
Calcium Carbonate/chemistry, Calcium Carbonate/diagnostic use, Carbon Isotopes/analysis, Ecosystem, Environmental Monitoring/methods, Europe, Humidity, Oxygen Isotopes/analysis, Paleontology, Plant Development, Plants/metabolism, Rain, Seasons, Temperature
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