Article: article from journal or magazin.
The effect of ultraviolet B irradiation and urocanic acid isomers on dendritic cell migration
Journal Article --- Old month value: Nov
Irradiation with ultraviolet-B light (UV-B) suppresses some cell-mediated immune responses to a variety of antigens, including contact sensitizers. Following UV irradiation there is modulation of Langerhans' cells' markers and keratinocytes are induced to synthesize and secrete tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). Cis-urocanic acid (cis-UCA) has been suggested as a photoreceptor for UV and has been demonstrated to suppress immune responses in several experimental systems. UCA is found naturally in the stratum corneum as the trans-isomer and converts to the cis-isomer on irradiation. In the present study the migration of dendritic cells (DC) to lymph nodes following UV-B irradiation or epicutaneous application of UCA isomers was examined in unsensitized mice and mice sensitized with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC). It was found that UV-B irradiation alone induced DC migration to draining lymph nodes (DLN) and that UV-B irradiation prior to skin sensitization at the same site enhanced DC migration. A maximum number of DC was present in DLN 48 hr following irradiation. In sensitized mice, the percentage of DC bearing FITC and the quantity of FITC per DC was unaltered by prior UV exposure. In contrast, neither isomer of UCA had any significant effect on DC numbers in sensitized or unsensitized mice. It was concluded that UV-B irradiation induced the migration of DC from the epidermis to draining lymph nodes, an effect possibly mediated by TNF-alpha release, while UCA may act by a different mechanism, perhaps via histamine-like receptors in the epidermis.
Animals Cell Movement/drug effects/radiation effects Dendritic Cells/*drug effects/*radiation effects Female Fluorescein-5-isothiocyanate/immunology Histocompatibility Antigens Class II/analysis Kinetics Lymph Nodes/immunology Mice Mice, Inbred C3H *Ultraviolet Rays Urocanic Acid/*pharmacology
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