La fureur divine et son détournement en Nb 25


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Etat: Public
Version: de l'auteur
ID Serval
Partie de livre
La fureur divine et son détournement en Nb 25
Titre du livre
Colères et repentirs divins : actes du colloque organisé par le Collège de France, Paris, les 24 et 25 avril 2013
Hutzli J.
Academic Press, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
Lieu d'édition
Fribourg, Göttingen
Statut éditorial
Date de publication
Editeur scientifique
Durand J.-D., Marti L., Römer Th.
Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis
The story Numbers of 25 which reports the incident of Baal Peor is one among several texts in the book of Numbers focusing on divine wrath, its cause and its consequences.
The present article offers a detailed analysis of the account which is difficult to understand because of certain jumps in the plot and because of its allusive style. Scholars mostly agree with the idea that the story grew in two or three stages. A lot of commentators believe that the original story contains only the apostasy of Peor caused by the Moabites (vv. 1-5). A subsequent story would focus on Pinchas' action against Zimri and Kospi, and a third layer is linked to the story of the war between Israel and Midian (Numbers 31). The problem of this theory however is that it seems impossible to reconstruct an original story about the matter of Peor; one does not find a satisfying end within vv. 1-5. Furthermore, v. 5, which belongs to the first, "Moabite", section, is already linked to the theme of Midian
which dominates the second and the third passage. Moreover, the assemblage of different themes and motifs seem having been done with care: Regarding the two abuses of Israel reported in the story--idolatry and intermarriage--,
they often go together in late polemical Deuteronomistic and post-Deuteronomistic layers (Ezra-Nehemiah). The double focus on Midian and Moab could both be polemically directed against certain Moses traditions found in the books of Exodus and Deuteronomy (concerning Moses' marriage with a Midianite women on the one hand and his stay and death and burial in Moab - in the vicinity of Beth Peor - on the other hand).
As in several ANE traditions also in the Hebrew Bible the motif of "divine wrath" serves to interpret fatal historical events; in Num 25 as in other Biblical stories however it is doubtful whether the alleged incident (the plague) really have taken place and the story's plot is anchored in ancient Israel's history.
Création de la notice
25/02/2016 1:07
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 13:20
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