Article: article from journal or magazin.
Extracorporeal life support in cyanotic congenital heart disease before cardiovascular operation.
American Journal of Cardiology
Publication types: Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
From July 1988 to March 1991, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was used in 8 infants (newborn to 16 months old) with unoperated cyanotic congenital heart disease and cardiopulmonary collapse, associated with hypercyanotic spells (4 infants), pulmonary hypertensive crises (3) and sepsis (1). Indications for ECMO support were arterial saturations less than or equal to 60% accompanied by hypotension and metabolic acidosis unresponsive to mechanical ventilation with 100% oxygen, paralysis and sedation, and pharmacologic support with inotropes or vasodilators, or both. Venoarterial bypass by carotid/jugular cannulation with flow rates of 100 to 840 ml/kg/min (mean 460) stabilized all patients. Duration of ECMO support ranged from 15 to 840 hours and was associated with transient seizures (1 patient) and renal failure (1). Seven patients underwent palliative (3 patients) or corrective (4) surgical procedures while on ECMO or within 48 hours of decannulation, including 1 patient bridged to double-lung transplantation with a long (840 hours) duration of ECMO. There was 1 operative and 2 late (greater than 1 month after decannulation) deaths, for an overall survival rate of 62%. These 5 survivors all have normal growth and development, and patent neck vessels at the site of cannulation. These early results indicate that ECMO can be effective mechanical support in cardiovascular crises untreatable with maximal conventional medical therapy and can be used as a bridge to successful surgical palliation or repair.
Cohort Studies, Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation/adverse effects, Heart Defects, Congenital/physiopathology, Heart Defects, Congenital/therapy, Humans, Infant, Infant, Newborn, Pulmonary Circulation, Survival Analysis, Treatment Outcome, Vascular Resistance
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